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Data citation

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Data citation Guide

Data citation refers to the practice of providing a reference to data in the same way as researchers routinely provide a bibliographic reference to other scholarly resources.

The Guide covers:

  • What we mean by data citation
  • Did you know...?
  • How do you cite data?
    • Data citation styles and formats
    • Data citation for data repositories
    • Journals and data citation
    • Data citation elements for repository managers
  • Why include a DOI in data citations
  • How to count data citations
  • Connecting data and related citations
  • Implementing data citation at institutions
  • ANDS services for data citation

Key messages

  • Data is increasingly being recognised as a primary research output
  • Many journal publishers now encourage or require citation of research data
  • There is a global network of discipline and institutional data repositories where research data collections are described with a preformatted citation statement provided
  • Only cited data can be counted and tracked (in a similar manner to journal articles) to measure impact
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be assigned to data in the same way as journal articles
  • Data citation information may soon be incorporated into practices for research evaluation and reward
  • Some bibliographic management systems now include a template for research data citations.

Data citation Guide