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Citation and identifiers


Identifiers for each item of data or information are essential in all computer-based systems. Computer applications use them for identifying datasets, for searching and retrieval, and for linking or connecting data. Identifiers also enable data to be a citable part of the scholarly record. To be useful, identifiers need to be persistent and unique. 

ANDS provides or connects with several identifier services and also uses identifiers in ANDS systems. ANDS encourages use of identifiers for (1) research data, such as DOIs or handles; (2) people and organisations, such as an ORCID ID or ISNI ID; and (3) research projects, activities or grants, such as ANDS purl IDs for ARC and NHMRC grants. Identifiers enable connecting data to important context surrounding the data, to add value to that data.

Identifiers for research data

Persistent identifiers (PIDs) overview

Persistent identifiers (PIDs) uniquely identify objects of any kind and need to be managed and kept current over time.

Read more:

All-purpose identifiers – Handles

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) and Data Citation

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) uniquely identify research data collections and enable citation and citation metrics.

Identifiers for people and organisations (Party Identifiers)

Common public identifiers for researchers and research organisations allow different forms of names to be linked together to support better discovery of research data collections in Research Data Australia.

Find out more about ANDS and ORCID.

Identifiers for activities and projects

Identifiers for funded projects allow linking of project descriptions to both research data collections, the projects producing the collections and relevant parties in the Research Data Australia.

Research Data Australia makes extensive use of a range of identifiers. See our Content Provider's Guide for advice: 

Read more—ANDS Data Connections Strategy.